Oe he drone a ke manaʻo paha ʻoe e kūʻai aku i kekahi a makemake ʻoe e aʻo e pili ana i nā lula o nā manawa no nā drones ma Polani. Ma kēia ʻatikala na kou.

Nui!

E kūkākūkā ka mea aʻe ma lalo iho nei i nā lula aupuni no ka hana ʻana i nā mākau e hoʻomaʻamaʻa mau leʻaleʻa mokulele (Amepore). ʻO nā lula aupuni i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei e like me ka hoʻolaha ʻia e hooki i ke noi ma Dekemaba 31.12.2020, XNUMX. E loli nā lula e pili ana i ka hoʻopaʻa inoa, nā ʻae a me nā rula no ka neʻe ʻana i ka pahu.

ʻO ka nui o nā drones ka mea i hoʻomaka ai ka Commission European e hana e hoʻopili i nā lula ma nā ʻāina Hui PūʻI a pau o ʻEulopa. Ua hoʻomaka ʻia nā rula i ka mana ma 01.07.2020/19/01.01.2021, akā ma muli o ka maʻi hoʻokō COVID-XNUMX, ua kau ʻia ka lā i ka manawa XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX.

ʻO nā wehewehe kumu

Ke heluhelu nei i nā rula drone, ʻike pinepine ʻoe i nā pōkole o BSP, VLOS, UAVO, luna aiʻole nā ​​mākaʻi drone. ʻAʻole ʻoe e ʻike i ke ʻano o ka ʻokoʻa? E hauʻoli i ka heluhelu ʻana i nā wehewehe kumu nui āu e pono ai ke ʻike.

ʻO kahi kaʻa anu ʻokoʻa holoʻokoʻa (BSP) - He drone ku okoa - kahi mokulele ʻaʻole pono i kau kahi ma ka moku no ka lele a ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke lawe i nā kaʻa. Piʻi a lele mokulele paha. ʻAVlelo UAV Pelekane (ʻo ka mokulele ea ʻoihana ʻole) a i ʻole ʻAmelika Hema (nā mokulele hoʻokele mamao);

Aʻole - ka poʻomanaʻo ʻōpiopio UAV;

Mea nānā - kekahi kanaka i koho ʻia e ka mea lawelawe, ma o ka nānā maka ʻana o ka UAV me ka maka mua, e kōkua i ka mea hana i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ke kūlana i ka lewa o ka lele lele a me ka mālama ʻana i kahi mamao;

UAVO (Luna Kūʻai Kūleʻa Unmanned) - palapala hōʻoia i ke ʻano pono o nā luna hana drone e ʻae ana i kā lākou hoʻohana ʻana no nā ʻoihana kalepa;

VLOS - ʻO nā hana ma loko o ka pāhana ʻike (Visual Line of Sight Operation) - nā hana a ka mea hoʻokele ai ʻole a i ʻole kekahi mea nānā i mālama ke nānā me ka UAV;

FPV - Nā hana me ka nānā mua ʻana o ka mea mua (ʻO ka nānā mua pilikino) - nā hana ma ka mea hoʻokele e hoʻokele ai i ka UAV me ka ʻole o ka mālama pū ʻana me ia. E hoʻoholo ana i kona wahi ma o kekahi kiʻi i hoʻoili ʻia i ka manawa maoli e nā polokalamu i kau ʻia ma ka papa;

ʻO BVLOS - Nā hana ma waho o ke ʻano ʻike (Ma mua o ka Line Visual Vision) - nā hana kahi i mālama ʻole ai ka mea lawelawe i ka pilina ʻike pono me ka UAV. Hana wale ʻia kēia ʻano lele e nā poʻe e paʻa ana i kahi palapala hōʻoia;

Ka lele holoʻokoʻa (i nā kūlana BVLOS) - nā hana a ka UAV i hana maʻalahi ai i ka lawe, kaʻele a me ka lele ma ke ala i hoʻonohonoho ʻia. Ka nānā 'ana ka mea hoʻolele i ka hana i kahi mamao. Ke hana wale ʻia nei kēia ʻano holo e nā poʻe e paʻa ana kahi palapala hōʻoia;

Mea hoʻohālikelike - ke māhina kuahiwi i hoʻohana ʻia no nā hana ʻoliʻoli - he huaʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia i nā neʻe Polani no ka UAV me ke kaumaha lawe ʻia ʻaʻole i hiki ke keu aku i ka 150 kg, i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā hana VLOS, a me nā UAV me ke kaupaona a hiki i 2 kg, hoʻohana ʻia i nā hana FPV, i hoʻohana ʻia no nā hana ʻoliʻoli a i ʻole haʻuki paha;

Nā kānāwai no nā drones - nā lula maʻamau no ka hana ʻana i nā lele leʻaleʻa

Inā makemake ʻoe i nā ʻikepili kikoʻī o nā loina, hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā loulou iā lākou i ka hopena o ka moʻolelo.

Ke lilo nei i poʻe kaulana i nā kaulana kaulana. Eia nō naʻe, e hoʻomanaʻo mau, ʻaʻole kēia o nā mea pāʻani a ua pili ia lele lele i ka kuleana he nui. He kuleana ko kēlā me kēia me ka hana e ʻike i nā lula pili i nā pahu a kau aku iā lākou i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa. ʻIke ʻoe i ka hana ma kahi drone i mālama ʻia i kahi kaʻa ea ea i ʻike ʻole ʻia (UAV) e like me ke kānāwai o Polani? ʻOiai e hoʻokele ana i kahi drone, ʻo ʻoe kekahi o nā mea hoʻohana airspace. Pono e holo kēlā me kēia mokulele e like me nā ʻōlelo o ke kānāwai mokulele. Ke lele kūleʻa ʻole, holo mākou i ka pilikia o ka hoʻopaʻi ʻia a paʻa ʻia paha i nā makahiki 5 a hiki i ka XNUMX mau makahiki. No ka mea hana hoʻokele ka drone no kekahi pōʻino i hōʻino ʻia ma muli o ka lele hoʻoluhi.

Inā ʻoe e lele i ka drone no nā hana ʻoliʻoli. Hiki iā ʻoe ke lele:

  • me ka palapala ʻole a me ka loaʻa ʻole aero-lāʻau lapaʻau,
  • me ka hōʻoia o ʻae ʻokoʻa kūwaho (ʻoiai mākou e manaʻo nei e kūʻai aku),
  • VLOS i mua o,
  • i FPV inā ʻaʻole ka nui o ka drone i ka 2 kg.

Inā ʻoe e lele ana me kahi nānā kamera (FPV), pono e hoʻokō ʻia nā koi hou aku. ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke lele:

  • ʻoi aku ma mua o 50 m ma luna o ka papa kiʻekiʻe,
  • ma kahi lōʻihi ka lōʻihi ma mua o 200 m mai kēlā me kēia,
  • ua emi mai ma 100 m mai nā hale a i ʻole mai nā ʻākoakoa i waho.

Ke lele nei, pono ʻoe i ka mālama e mālama pono i ka mālama ʻana i ke ea o ka ea kūleʻa a no ka mālama ʻana i ka maluhia a me ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo. Pono nā Drones i nā ala i nā mokulele maned. Eia kekahi, ma mua o kēlā me kēia lawe, e pono ʻoe e ʻohi pono i ka leo.

Aia kekahi koi hou no nā mea hana drone i kapa ʻia ʻo "Anti-Crisis Shield 2.0". Koho ʻia ka ʻatikala 15zzzzl, e kāohi ana i ka hōʻike no ka lele UAV i ka Hale Kūʻai Kūʻai Kūʻai Kūʻai. ʻO ke kumu e pono ai kēlā me kēia holo drone i mua o ka ʻike hōʻaiʻē ma ka noi DroneRadar.

Hoʻolaha nā kānāwai i ka kaupaona ʻana o ka momona o ka hana

Ina ke kaumaha o ka drone ʻaʻole iʻoi aku ma mua o 600 g, pono ʻoe e mālama maluhia mai nā hale, nā kūlanakauhale, nā ʻāpana hale a i ʻole ʻākoakoa ʻana hoʻi o nā poʻe ma ka lewa e like me ka poʻe, nā kaʻa, nā hale, ʻaʻole i kuhikuhi ʻia kēia mamao ma nā kikoʻī ma nā ʻoihana.

Inā ke koʻokoʻo kāu drone oi aku aku ma mua o 600 g,  pono ʻoe:

  • e mālama i kahi mamao o ka mamao ʻaʻole i emi iho ma mua o 100 m mai nā hale o nā kūlanakauhale, nā wahi noho a i ʻole nā ​​ʻuluʻulu ʻana o ka poʻe ma ka lewa,
  • e mālama i kahi mamao o ka palena ʻole ma lalo o 30 m mai nā kānaka, nā kaʻa a i ʻole nā ​​hale e holo pono aku paha ʻoe ma luna o nā kānaka).

Nā rula drone - nā wahi i ʻae ʻole ʻia ʻoe e lele

ʻAʻole hoʻi i kahi o nā ʻōlelo i kau ʻia ma luna nei, aia kahi mau wahi i ka mokulele Poloka kahi, no nā kumu palekana, ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke lele, a i ʻole kahi mea e koi ʻia ai ka mana. Inā makemake ʻoe e nānā maʻalahi i kahi e lele ai a kahi ʻole, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i ka noi DroneRadar. Ma hope o ke kau ʻana i ke kaumaha o ka drone a me ke kiʻekiʻe o ka lele kiʻekiʻe, hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa ka ʻike inā ʻae ʻia ka lele ma kahi wahi i hāʻawi ʻia.

ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke lele i nā pahu.

  • luna mokulele,
  • nā pūʻali koa me nā kahua aʻoaʻo.
  • nā wahi paʻa (nā wahi i mālama ʻia no nā kumu mālama o ke aupuni a me ka palekana, me nā wahi kaʻa)
  • kanaka a me ka ʻahaʻā ʻana o nā kānaka ma ka lewa.

ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke lele i ka leo me ka loaʻa ʻole o ka ʻae mai nā luna, mai nā lawelawe kūikawā a i ʻole ma hope o ka hālāwai ʻana i nā koi hou:

  • kokoke i nā mokulele, i nā mea i kapa ʻia nā palena kiaʻi o ka mokulele CTR a me ke kahua kai mokulele ʻo ATR,
  • luna pākahi lahilahi.
  • ma ka palena hikina o Polenia ma ka palena palena.

Pono ʻoe e lele e mahalo i ka pilikino o ka poʻe ʻē aʻe. Holo aku ma luna o nā poʻe ʻē aʻe, nā alanui, nā paipa, nā laina mana a me nā polokalamu ʻē aʻe, ka luku a hōʻino paha e hoʻonāukiuki ʻia i nā kānaka, ke olakino a me ke kaiapuni, pono e hoʻemi ʻia a hana pū me ka mālama kūikawā.

summation

Ke lele pono nei i kahi drone pono ʻoe:

  1. Hōʻike i kahi lele - hana i ka chek-in ma ka noi DroneRadar (Mai ʻApelila 18 a hiki i ka wa pio ʻia ke kānāwai ma muli o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka maʻi SARS-CoV-2).
  2. Mālama i kahi mamao o ka palekana a me ka lewa ākea, e kau ana i kahi o kou wahi a me ke kaumaha o kāu mākaukau drone.
  3. Mai lele i nā wahi i papa ʻia (e nānā ma ka noi DroneRadar).
  4. E mālama pono.

Nā rula o nā ʻāina i kēia wa no nā kahe

ʻO nā kūlana kikoʻī a me nā koi no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pāāwai no ka mea ʻoliʻoli a i ʻole nā ​​hanana haʻuki.

  1. Haawina 6 Hoʻolaha o ke Kuhina o Infrastructure o 3 Iulai 2019 e pili ana i ka paʻi ʻana i kahi ʻatikala like ʻole o ke kaohi o ke Kuhina o ka halihali, kūkulu ʻana a me ka hoʻokele waiwai moana e pili ana i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o ka palapala noi o kekahi kānāwai
  2. Art. 15zzzzl. Hana iā 16 ʻApelila, 2020 ma nā mea kōkua kākoʻo kūikawā e pili ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka maʻi SARS-CoV-2

Ke loli mau nei nā lula a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana, no laila ke ʻōlelo nei wau iā ʻoe e hahai iā lākou ma ka pūnaewele o ka Pūnaewele Hana Pūnaewele Pono https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/ a e hahai ana ana i na aoao o ka Oihana Alele Aila https://www.ulc.gov.pl/ a me ka Hui Pūnaewele Uihana Pūnaewele Kūʻai Aupuni https://www.pansa.pl/u-space/kahi e ʻike ai ʻoe i ka nui o ka ʻike nui e pili ana i nā drones.

drone a me ke kaikamahine


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