I ke kiʻi leaky "The Martian", ʻo Mark Watney, kahi mea ʻepekema ʻepekema i waiho wale ma Mars, i hoʻokahi manawa e hoʻomaka ana e ulu i kaʻuala. ʻAʻole kūpono wale kēia, no ke ola, akā he hōʻailona hoʻi - ke kanu ʻana a me ka ʻohi ʻana i kaʻuala he wahi nui loa ia i "ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka honua", i ka mālama ʻana i ka "Red Planet" e like me kā mākou ponoʻī. I kahi huaʻōlelo, i ka noho ʻana o Mars. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu inā e kanu nā ʻAmelika, nā Kina, a i ʻole ʻo Elon Musk i nā lanakila ʻuala mua, akā hoihoi loa wau i kēia heihei.

Inā makemake ʻoe iā Muska a ʻaʻole paha, he ʻano hoihoi loa ʻo ia. ʻO ka mea e pīhoihoi ai iaʻu ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo inā ʻo ia e tweet "ʻai iā Prince Polo", e lilo koke ka wafer kokoleka Polani i hoʻokahi o nā mea momona nui a koʻikoʻi o ka honua. A ʻaʻole wau e hoʻonui iki - ua kākau koke ʻo ia i ka "Use Signal" a ua hoʻopiha ʻia ka ʻelele me nā hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa inoa i nā waihona hou. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua lele koke i luna nā ʻāpana o kahi hui me kahi inoa like (Signal Adavance Inc.).

Ua lilo kēia Elon Musk i ke kanaka waiwai loa o ka honua - ua ʻoi aku ʻo ia ma mua o Jeff Bezos ma hope o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana o kāna Tesla e hoʻonui ana i ka waiwai. Ma "Chirkacz", i ka pane ʻana i kēia nūhou, ua kākau wale ʻo ia i "Pehea ʻē" a me "ʻĀ, hoʻi i ka hana." Maliʻa paha ua mālama ʻo ia iā Tesla, a i ʻole nānā paha ʻo ia iā SpaceX, kahi ʻoihana ʻē aʻe nāna e pae mua nā kānaka ma Mars.

Holo ʻo SpaceX i kāna papahana ponoʻī o ka huakaʻi i ka hā o ka paneta mai ka Lā, a manaʻo ʻia e loaʻa ka wikiwiki nui i nā makahiki e hiki mai ana - ka mua, i ka 2024, pono e mālama ʻia kahi mikiona unmanned, a i loko o kekahi mau makahiki e hiki mai ana, ua hele mua nā Earthdle i ka honua Martian. No ka hoʻopau ʻana i kēia mau pahuhopu nui, ke hoʻomaikaʻi nei ka ʻoihana i ka mokuna (e kāhea iā ia, no ka maʻalahi, kahi pōhaku), a i kahi wā e hiki mai ana e lilo i breakthrough i ke kahua o ka lawe ākea

(mea kākau: WikiImages, Laikini ʻo Pixabay)

ʻO Houston… ua ʻike mua ʻoe i ka mea

ʻAʻole wau makemake e hoʻopilikia i ka moʻolelo ma aneʻi, akā malia paha ʻo ka hoʻāʻo wikiwiki e pae i kahi kāne ma Mars ke ʻoki nei i ka lā. ʻO ka manawa hope loa i hele wāwae ai nā kānaka ma luna o kekahi kino lani - koe ka Honua, ʻoiaʻiʻo - ua kokoke 50 mau makahiki i hala. I ka makahiki 1972, ua hele wāwae ʻo Eugene Cernan lāua ʻo Harrison Schmitt ma ka mahina ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ka ʻĀpana Apollo 17. Mai ia manawa - hāmau. A ʻoi aku ka lōʻihi o Mars, ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī a paʻakikī hoʻi ma mua o kahi huakaʻi i kā mākou satellite kūlohelohe wale nō.

ʻĀ, ma ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ma kēia wahi e wāwahi ai ka paʻakikī āpau - ʻoiai ua neʻe ka ʻenehana mai ka mākia i nā makahiki 70, a i kēia lā he kamepiula kā mākou ma ka manamana lima me ka mana a Armstrong a me kāna mau hoa hana e moeʻuhane ai, paʻakikī paʻakikī nā mikioni manned a me nā hana paʻakikī i hiki ke ʻai i nā haneli biliona kālā. A nui loa kēlā.

Inā, ma lalo o ka ʻili o ka mahina a i ʻole Mars, ua loaʻa i kekahi o nā probe nā waihona aila, a i ʻole he kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe i waiwai ʻia ma ka Honua, a he pōmaikaʻi ke lawe aku, a laila aia paha he kahua ʻAmelika, a he mau kumu paha o nā lāhui like ʻole. Manaʻo wau he nui ke kālā a ka poʻe ʻAmelika i ko lākou poʻe koa ma mua o ka loaʻa kālā makahiki o kekahi mau ʻāina a puni ka honua, no laila ʻaʻole paha lākou e noʻonoʻo lōʻihi. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole e uku maʻalahi nā mea e pakele ai ka wahi - lawe mai lākou iā mākou i nā hiʻohiona kamahaʻo loa, nā laʻana pōhaku a me ka ʻike, akā he lanakila nui ia no kā mākou lāhui. ʻĀ, a e hoʻokākī ʻia nā waihona kālā ma ka Honua ponoʻī ...

ʻO kēia kahi e hoʻomaka ai nā hana pilikino e like me SpaceX, hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ka ʻimi ākea. ʻAʻole pono e hopohopo kēlā ʻoihana inā e hoʻolilo ia i kāna moʻohelu kālā holoʻokoʻa no kēia kumu, ʻaʻohe kula a me ka pūʻali koa, a ma Arkansas e haki koke ke alaloa mokuʻāina i ka hapalua. ʻAʻole ia i kaukaʻi ʻia i nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a nā pelekikena hope, ka poʻe hopohopo i kahi papahana hakahaka i hana ʻia e hana ai nā ʻauamo kākoʻo e like me ka meteoroid - e hoʻomaka lākou e hāʻule i kahi helu weliweli. No laila, he mea hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoihoi ia i ka hihia o ka naʻi aupuni, e hoʻomohala ana ma nā ala ʻokoʻa iki.

Ma ke ala - he hoʻopukapuka nui kēia, malia paha i loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX e hiki mai ana, e uku aku, no ka laʻana, mahalo i nā kālā e ʻae ka poʻe momona o ka honua e uku no ka mākaʻikaʻi ākea. Me ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻia - maliʻa paha - he mau miliona miliona maikaʻi, kekahi kālā liʻiliʻi, ʻaʻole anei ʻoe e lele kokoke i kahi kino lani? Pololei.

ʻO Artemis, ke kaikuahine o Apollo

Eia naʻe, me kēia mau pilikia like ʻole aʻu i ʻōlelo ai, he hoʻolālā nui a NASA ponoʻī no nā makahiki e hiki mai ana, e hoʻolilo ia i kahi denari (a i hoʻokahi kenetene) a e hoʻoholo - makemake kekahi e ʻōlelo i ka hopena - i kahi lele lunar hou e mālama ʻia. I ka makahiki 2024, e hōʻike hou ʻia ka poʻe ma ka "Globe Pila". ʻO ka mea hou aku, makemake ka poʻe ʻAmelika e neʻe i kahi like me ka Soviet a me ka lele mua o Valentina Tereshkova - makemake lākou i ka wahine mua e hele wawe i ka Moon.

E hoʻomaka koke ka papahana hakahaka a lākou e hana nei, ma ka hopena o kēia makahiki. E hoʻomaka ia me kahi mikiona unmanned, a e kapa ʻia ia ʻo Artemis, a he mea nui ia no ka mea ʻo Artemis (a i ʻole Artemis) ke kaikuahine kuʻuna o ke akua ʻo Apollo. ʻĀ, ʻo wai ka inoa o kekahi o nā papahana kaulana i alakaʻi i ka pae ʻana o ka poʻe ma ka mahina? Pololei.

Ma ke ala, makemake nui wau i kēia maʻamau o ka inoa ʻana i nā mea like ʻole a me nā hana i ka cosmos e like me kahi kī mitological, hiki ke hoʻomaopopo ʻia (no ka mea maʻamau ia) no ka lāhui latina holoʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, e neʻe koke paha kekahi "hakakā a nā akua" i nā wahi interplanetary. ʻO kā Kina, ka mea i hoʻopau pono i kahi ʻāpana o ka papahana Changʻe, i kahi ʻono no ka ʻimi ākea - ka probe me nā laʻana mai ka Moon i hoʻi i ka Honua. ʻOi aku paha ka maikaʻi o ka inoa ma mua o ka hemolele - i ka moʻolelo moʻomeheu Kina ʻo ia hoʻi ke akua wahine o ka Moon, a no mākou, ka poʻe o ka maopopo ākea Komohana, pili pono ia i ka huaʻōlelo "Change".

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e hiki mai ana nā hoʻololi cosmic nui i mua o ko mākou mau maka e koi paha i kahi hoʻokūkū nui hou, kekahi "kaua anuanu" i ka lewa. ʻO ka mea i hoʻokele i ka Apollo a i ʻole Tereshkova mau polokalamu lele ʻaʻole wale he wahie pōhaku wale nō, akā ʻoi aku ma mua o nā mea āpau (a ʻaʻole wau i ʻōlelo ia mea a hiki i kēia manawa) kahi ʻano hoʻokūkū a me ka hanohano nui.

Kāhea ʻia kēia ʻo ka heihei ākea ma luna o nā makahiki "kipaku" iā US a me USSR i nā hana hou a hou, e hoʻomohala nei i nā ʻenehana ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī. Kūkulu pū kekahi ia i kahi ʻano palekana, no ka mea ma Wakinekona, aia ka makaʻu i ka noho aliʻi ʻana o nā probe Soviet i ka lewa, a aia pū kekahi makaʻu like ma Moscow. E hoʻomanaʻo mākou i ka manawa o ka 50 a me 60, ua hoʻomaka nā mana ʻelua e pāʻani i nā pōkā atomika i lawe ʻia e nā rockets i kahi kiʻekiʻe.

ʻO ka hōʻike noʻeau o ka Rover Opportunity (na NASA / JPL / Kulanui ʻo Cornell, Maas Digital LLC, kahi lehulehu).

Kaula ʻula a me Kina Ula?

He kānalua nā Kina i kēia lā e lilo i ka honua nui, ka mea mana loa o nā mana. E hoʻoholo lākou e lawe i ka hana mua o ka USSR a e alo mākou i kahi infusion ākea? I koʻu manaʻo, ʻo kēia ka hihia, a eia hou, e hoʻopili ʻia ka heihei ākea - ma ke ʻano maʻamau - nā Lūkini, nā lālā o ka European Space Agency a me nā Indians. E alualu lākou āpau i kā lākou mau pono extraterrestrial ma kahi unahi liʻiliʻi a me ka nui. I kēia manawa, ʻaʻohe mea kūlike ʻole ma ke kahua o nā hana ākea - nā hana pilikino, no ka mea ʻo ia NASA (kahi keʻena aupuni) e kōkua like a hoʻopili pū, e laʻa me SpaceX, e kauoha ana i ka ʻoihana e hana i nā noiʻi like ʻole, nā papahana a me nā hoʻokolohua. Eia nō naʻe, e ala ana ka hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka wā e hiki mai ana, no ka mea, manaʻoʻiʻo ʻo Musk ʻo ka pono o nā kolone ma Mars e kūʻokoʻa i nā kānāwai o ka Honua a pono e hoʻokumu i kahi hui politika kūʻokoʻa loa, kūʻokoʻa i nā ʻāina ma ka "Blue Planet". He paʻakikī e manaʻo e lawe nā mana nui i kahi hopena, ʻoiai hiki ke hana hou i kahi kūlana diploma e like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ka hihia o Antarctica - ʻo kēia ʻāina nui de iure i de I facto hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i waena o nā ʻāina ʻē, ʻoiai he mau koi ʻāina ko kekahi.

Eia nō naʻe, ma mua o kā mākou hakakā ʻana (ironically) Honua ma Mars, aia nō iā mākou kahi pāʻani loihi loa a luhi hoʻi o nā akua nāna e alakaʻi (inā hiki ke hiki) i ka terraforming o ka Honua. He aha kēlā manaʻo? ʻO ia wale nō ʻaʻole ʻano ʻoluʻolu nā kūlana no ke ola ma Mars e like me kā mākou a pono e hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ko mākou ʻano, e laʻa me ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke kaomi lewa a i ʻole ke alakaʻi ʻana i ke ʻano o nā waihona wai mau. He paʻakikī kēia i hiki ʻole iā kāua ke kūleʻa me nā ʻenehana o kēia lā, kahi pilikia pono wale nō. ʻOiai ʻo kahi ʻuala ka lōʻihi o ka hele ʻana. E ʻike mākou i ka mea e hiki iā mākou ke hana ma mua o ka hiolo ʻana o kā mākou lāhui, e waiho nei i kahi o nā ala make i ka Milky Way, kahi - e like me nā noiʻi hou ʻana i hōʻike ʻia i ke ʻano helu - hiki ke nui.

Hoʻokahi wale nō mea aʻu e makemake ai. Inā kū mākou i lalo ma Mars, lana koʻu manaʻo e loaʻa iā mākou nā koena o ka Opportunity rover, i hana wiwo ʻole i kāna mikiona no 15 mau makahiki, a laila nalo ma lalo o nā hanana kūpilikiʻi i kahi ʻino. Maliʻa paha e lilo ka wahi o kona make uila i mea hoʻomanaʻo nui no ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka "Red Planet", i kēlā me kēia ʻāpana, ko mākou home aʻe?

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